Manejo multidisciplinario de la apnea de sueño

Multidisciplinary management of sleep apnea

Our objective is to provide information to the population about various diseases related to Pulmonology, in such a way that knowledge about them improves and they can be identified in a timely manner.

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Today I will talk to you about the personalized management of patients with sleep apnea and snoring.

Sleep apnea is a common disorder that affects millions of people around the world. It is characterized by repeated interruptions in breathing during sleep, which can lead to a number of serious health problems if not treated properly. However, addressing sleep apnea effectively is no easy task. It requires a multidisciplinary approach that involves several health professionals working together to provide comprehensive treatment. In this article, we will explore the importance of multidisciplinary management in patients with sleep apnea and how it can make a difference in their lives.

What is sleep apnea and why is it important to treat it?

Sleep apnea is characterized by repeated pauses in breathing during sleep. These pauses, known as apneas, can last from a few seconds to minutes and can occur several times during the night. Symptoms include loud snoring, excessive daytime sleepiness, difficulty concentrating, chronic fatigue, and cardiovascular problems. If not treated properly, sleep apnea can increase the risk of diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and even car accidents due to daytime sleepiness.

Risks of not treating sleep apnea

The role of multidisciplinary management:

  • Accurate diagnosis: The first step in managing sleep apnea is an accurate diagnosis. Patients are typically evaluated by a pulmonologist or sleep medicine specialist, who may perform sleep studies, such as polysomnography, to confirm the diagnosis. However, this is just the beginning.

Accurate diagnosis

  • Personalized treatment: Each patient is unique, and it is important to address their specific needs. A multidisciplinary team can evaluate factors that contribute to sleep apnea, such as obesity, airway anatomy, and neuromuscular problems. This allows for personalized treatment that may include lifestyle changes, CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) devices, mandibular advancement devices, or other surgical treatments.

  • Management of comorbidities: Sleep apnea rarely exists in isolation. Patients with sleep apnea may have other medical conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease. A multidisciplinary team can coordinate the treatment of these comorbidities to improve quality of life and reduce the risk of complications.

  • Respiratory rehabilitation: Specialized physical therapists can help patients improve respiratory function and strengthen airway muscles, which can be especially helpful in cases of obstructive sleep apnea.

  • Long-term monitoring: Management of sleep apnea does not end with the prescription of a CPAP device. Long-term follow-up is required to adjust treatment as necessary and ensure patient adherence.

Conclusions:

Sleep apnea is a disorder that significantly affects the quality of life and general health of those who suffer from it. A multidisciplinary approach involving pulmonologists, otorhinolaryngologists, physiotherapists, orthodontists, sleep apnea surgery specialists and other healthcare professionals is essential for effective treatment. Treating sleep apnea comprehensively not only improves the patient's symptoms, but also reduces the risk of long-term complications.

Collaboration between various specialists is the key to helping patients breathe easily at night and enjoy a restful sleep, thus improving their quality of life and general well-being.

I am Dr. Cecilio Omar Ceballos Zúñiga, specialist in pulmonology and internal medicine [National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (UNAM) and General Hospital of the State of Sonora (UNAM)] and basic training at the Mexicali School of Medicine (UABC) . Co-founder of Breathbaja.

Ced. Prof. 4829126, reg. esp. 6119468 / 7440242

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